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Basic Life Support (BLS) Guidelines

EVERY five years, experts in resuscitation from organisations around the world conduct a review of published literature.
The 2015 review, and a resulting consensus statement, form the scientific basis of the European Resuscitation Council and the Resuscitation Council (UK) guidelines. Their guidelines are consistent with the recommendations of similar resuscitation organisations worldwide.
Having considered the revised guidelines, BSAC is updating its own recommended techniques for basic life support. A detailed version of the updated life support techniques is being published in document T.13d (see link to right).
A summary of the essential changes to BSAC’s recommended techniques for basic life support. The club is now recommending the following in-water rescue sequence:
  • Give one minute of rescue breaths (10 RBs)
  • If no spontaneous breathing returns, either:
(i)Tow the victim to shore as quickly as possible without further rescue breaths
(ii) Continue on the spot with approximately 10 rescue breaths per minute, until support from rescue boat or helicopter arrives to take over the resuscitation.
This decision will depend on the local situation, such as sea conditions, distance to shore, and availability of rescue boat or rescue helicopter.

In either case, when reaching shore, or having access to the boat or helicopter, the casualty should be promptly de-kitted and landed as quickly as possible without further rescue breaths.
Once the casualty is landed, basic life support should be carried out in line with current guidance. 

Rescue breaths

BSAC Basic Life Support (BLS) guidelines

The following guidance update our guidance and procedures in light of current advice and guidance available from all relevant sources.